Gayle MacLeandirector of Prevention and Innovation and an expert in school violence at Fundación Paz Ciudadana, spoke with The DNA Test for the repeated events that occurred in educational establishments.
The first appreciation of the expert is that “this It has been a particularly critical year for school coexistence in schools. Let us remember that at the beginning of the year the Superintendency already reported a 30% increase in general complaints”.
Indicating how worrying the panorama has been throughout this 2022, he emphasizes that in schools you “learn various codes of conductas well as to interact with others”.
As a consequence of this, Mac Lean identifies the learning process, since “school coexistence is a basic and essential condition for production of environments conducive to the acquisition of knowledge“.
Within the points that condition the complex panorama that is currently being experienced, the member of Citizen Peace identifies how long classes were suspended.
“On the other hand, the health crisis is coming, which affects a magnitude that we have not yet fully measured (…) social-emotional well-being was drastically affected“, he added.
But the latest acts of violence that have been recorded in different educational establishments seem to go beyond this analysis. Some students’ behavior and incidents reflect something more complex that, in turn, requires new answers and reactions.
From school coexistence to unlawful events
Beyond the diagnosis made based on external factors, it is important to take into consideration what motivates the most complex behavior of students.
It is transferred what happens inside the schools and life in the community of the neighborhood where one is immersed is affected. Clashes with Police, excesses, attacks with Molotov cocktails and other types of crimes are part of the most worrying events.
In this sense, Gayle MacLean recognizes that School coexistence regulations are not a tool that has the capacity to respond for these types of events. This, because they contemplate what happens “in the school context”.
Thus, it points out that “in the face of the occurrence of unlawful events, in which we see as a result the damage to the physical integrity of people, we must make use of the legal mechanisms that we already have“.
Difference between schoolchildren and adults
Although Gayle mentions these legal tools to combat violence in educational establishments, he points out that It should be applied to “the adults who participate in these events and often direct them”.
“It is important to keep in mind that when those involved are children and adolescents, in a school context, it is necessary to implement special measures and different from those with which we approach adults“, he added.
In addition, he explains that “the evidence is overwhelming regarding the harmful effects that the application of these more punitive measures has on young people. That in the medium and long term they can have a boomerang effect”.
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Expert and violence in educational establishments: “We must make use of the legal mechanisms that we already have”
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